Original Article
1. Habitat evaluation of Levantine viper (Macrovipera lebetina Linnaeus, 1758) in Haftad-Gholleh protected area, Markazi province, Iran

Amir Ansari

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 1-7


  Haftad-Gholleh protected area located in the central plateau of Iran host one of the mountainous vipers, Levantine viper (Macrovipera lebetina) which can be regarded as west and northeastern subspecies. Habitat destruction and illegal live trapping to extract venom can be considered as some of the most ...  Read More

Original Article
2. An Evaluation on Interaction of Cetaceans with Fisheries in the seas around Turkey

Fethi BENGIL; Murat Ozaydinli; Elizabeth Bengil

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 8-17


  Interaction between fisheries and cetacean species has been one of the challenging issues in marine biology for the last three decades. Even though there have been some attempts to regulate legislations or mitigation action for their by-catch in certain regions, the bilateral effects of this interaction ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic activities of ethanol extract of Carica papaya

Sobia Alyas; Nureen Zahra; Muhammad Imtiaz Ahmad; Nimra Zahid; Ayesha Nisar; Muhammad Mansoor Hafeez; Rabail Alam; Asia Parveen; Arif malik

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 18-23


  The aim of present study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic ‎and analgesic activities of ethanol extract of Carica papaya L. on albino rats. ‎Plant of C. papaya L. is commonly used to treat ‎different diseases like fever, pain, and inflammation. A total of 144 albino rats ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Physiological and potentially pathogenic microbial flora in stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), southeastern Sicily

Maria Teresa Spena; Maria Foti; Vittorio Fisichella; Antonietta Mascetti; Manuel Andrea Zafarana; Marco Colnaghi; Maria Grasso; Chiara Piraino; Franco Sciurba; Rosario Grasso

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 24-36


  European stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus) is a Palearctic species with high conservation interest. This species nests on the ground, in open canopies with sparse herbaceous vegetation, and is typically found next to areas of intense agro-pastoral activity, where it feeds on invertebrates present in ...  Read More

Original Article
5. A phylogeographic survey of the house mouse in Iran, taxonomic and karyotypic inference from mitochondrial evidence

Farahnaz Molavi; Jamshid Darvish; farhang haddad; Maryam M. Matin

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 37-46


  Recent studies have shown that the House Mouse (Mus musculus) has four subspecies in Iran. Although, these four subspecies have been recognized, the house mouse of east Iran showed high heterozygosity in various markers like allozymes, nuclear gene and mitochondrial gene sequences. Also, the taxonomy ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Catch Per Unit Area (CPUA) estimation and distribution pattern of grunts in Oman ‎Sea

Seyed Sahand Eisapoor; Afshin Mahmoodzadeh; Tooraj Valinasab

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 47-57


  It is reported on the results of a trawls survey to assess the amount of catch Per Unit of Area (CPUA) and also to determine the distribution pattern of grunts of demersal fishes as one the most important and commercial fish species in the north of Oman Sea. The catch per unit area CPUA as the main index ...  Read More